Antibiotic-associated Colitis -- C difficile
(Antibiotic-associated Diarrhea, Clostridium difficile-induced Colitis, C diff)
|The Stomach, Liver, and Intestines|
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- You use antibiotics.
- You are elderly.
- You are or have been hospitalized or a long-term care resident.
- You have a severe illness.
Be aware of the role of antibiotics:
- Reduce your use of antibiotics. Antibiotics should only be used when your doctor has confirmed that you have a bacterial infection.
- If you are prescribed antibiotics, ask your doctor if you should take a probiotic also. Probiotics may help protect the normal bacterial growth in your intestines.
This type of infection can spread easily. To help prevent any infection:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water.
- If you are in a care facility make sure any health care staff are washing their hands before coming in contact with you. Ask your visitors to wash their hands while visiting with you.
Keep in mind that
can also pass through contact with infected surfaces. To avoid spreading an infection:
- Make sure to clean any affected surfaces with a disinfectant that contains bleach if someone has had an infection at home.
- Precautions will be taken in the hospital if you have a C. difficile infection. This should include gloves and protective gowns for staff or visitors.
Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America http://www.ccfa.org
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org/
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation http://www.cdhf.ca/index.html
Antibiotic-associated colitis. Merck website. Available at: http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec09/ch127/ch127a.html . Accessed November 30, 2006.
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea. DynaMed website. Available at: http://dynamed102.epnet.com/Detail.aspx?id=114443 . Accessed November 30, 2006.
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antibiotic-associated-diarrhea/DS00454 . Accessed November 30, 2006.
Clostridium difficile infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated July 19, 2012. Accessed August 29, 2012.
Heinlen L, Ballard JD. Clostridium difficile infection. Am J Med Sci . 2010 Sep;340(3):247-52.
Hensgens MP, Goorhuis A, Notermans DW, van Benthem BH, Kuijper EJ. Changing epidemiology of infections in the Netherlands in 2008/09. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd . 2010;154:A1317.
Navaneethan U, Venkatesh PG, Shen B. Clostridium difficile infection and inflammatory bowel disease: understanding the evolving relationship. World J Gastroenterol . 2010 Oct 21;16(39):4892-904.
Use of gastric acid-suppressive agents and the risk of community-acquired Clostridium difficile -associated disease. JAMA . 2005 Dec 21;294(23):2989-95.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/31/2013 -